How to protect yourself from the current epidemic_ the novel coronavirus (COVID-19)?

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How does it spread?

Currently, there is no vaccine that can cure coronavirus disease. Therefore, people should adopt preventive measures and don’t let themselves to be the victim of this epidemic.This contagious virus can spread in the following ways;

  • It is mainly transferred from person to person.
  • People who are in close contact with one another approximately about 6 feet close to each other.
  • It is also carried by respiratory droplets that are produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

How to prevent yourself from the epidemic?

 Clean your hands often:

  • Wash your hands more often with soap and rinse your hands with clean water for at least 20 seconds. 
  • Keep hand sanitizers (that contains at least 60% of alcohol)and wear surgical masks in a public place.
  • Wash your face and hands carefully after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing. 

Avoid close contact!

Avoid close contact with everyone and especially with the infected people. Make sure to put yourself at a significant distance from other people if the coronavirus is spreading in your community. Especially, those people who are at high risk of getting infected from the virus should adopt precautionary measures more carefully. 

Protect others from this disease!

Stay home if you’re feeling sick:

 If you are feeling sick then you should expect to visit your doctor.  You should adopt the following precautionary measures if you are feeling sick.

  • Cover coughs and sneezes:

It is your primary responsibility to cover your mouth and nose with a surgical mask and uses tissues when you or sneeze. Use your inside elbow to cover your mouth and nose instead of your hands while coughing and sneezing. Make sure to throw tissues in the trashbin after the use. Eventually, wash your hands with soap and cough for at least 20 seconds. If you don’t have soap and water readily available then immediately clean your hands with a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% of alcohol. 

  • Wear a facemask if you are sick:

Take care of your dear and near ones. Wear a surgical facemask around other people (e.g., sharing a room or vehicle) and before you enter a physician’s office. If you have some sort of breathing problem and you can’t wear a mask then you should do your best to cover your mouth and nose while coughing and sneezing. In this way, then you can take care of people who are looking after you.

  • Stay home except to get medical care:

People who aren’t severely infected with COVID-19 can recover at home easily. Infected people should leave their houses until they expect to visit their physician’s office. Avoid going into public places. Stay in contact with your doctor and call in advance to get an appointment. Make sure to receive proper treatment in case you’re feeling worse or you think it’s an emergency. Try to avoid the following things;

  • Public transportation.
  • Ride-sharing.
  • Taxis.

  • Isolate yourself from others at home:

Stay away from others as much as possible and stay in a specific room of your house or hospital constantly. If you are residing in your home then stay in a specific “sick room” that is away from the rest of your house. Try to use a separate bathroom, if available.

  • Limit contact with pets & animals:

You should try to limit your contact with pets and other animals. Try to cover edibles and other things covered from the house flies. Although there have been no reports of pets or other animals becoming sick with COVID-19.However, it is still recommended that infected people should limit contact with animals until more information is known.If you are not feeling well then ask another house member to look after your pets. You should take care of pets while they are all-around your home so that they might not get infected with the coronavirus. The person who is looking after your pets should wash hands before and after interacting with the animals.

What should you do if you are not feeling sick?

If a person is feeling well then he/she should not wear surgical masks until and unless they are taking care of an infected person. Excessive purchase of masks might result in short supply. Therefore, people should try to be careful and save masks for caregivers.

Stay Clean and disinfect!

Due to the alarming spread of this epidemic, it is the need of the hour to take care of hygiene. Stay clean and disinfect frequently touched objects daily. Disinfect often used surfaces at your homes and offices including; tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks. If the surfaces are really dirty then you can also rinse them with detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection. 

What type of disinfectants are used to prevent COVID 19?

EPA-registered household disinfectants will work most commonly to disinfect your houses and other surroundings. Use disinfectants with respect to the requirements fo the surface. 

OR

You can prepare disinfectants at home in the following ways;

  1. You can use your household bleach. Dilute this bleach to clean surfaces.
  2. You can make a bleach mixture by taking 5 tablespoons or 1/3rd cup of bleach per gallon water and dilute it with water.
  3. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application and proper ventilation. 
  4. Make sure that the product has not passed its expiration date. 

Note:

Do not use ammonia or any other cleanser to make your disinfectant mixture more effective against viruses. As an unexpired bleach diluted properly with water is sufficiently effective to fight against coronaviruses. You can also use a disinfectant solution that contains 70% of the concentration of alcohol in it.

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